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5 Jobs Dominated by Women

Whether at home or in the professional world, women have always been hard workers, and today, nearly half of America’s workforce is made up of women. This may seem like an obvious fact, but only fifty years ago, a mere 32% of women had professional occupations.

So what kinds of jobs are women doing today? Well, all of them—but there are some occupations that are more dominated by women than others. Here, we’ve compiled a list of five occupations that are both high-paying and fast-growing (as compared to the average of a 5% to 8% increase in jobs) where a majority of workers are women. Read on for details about what it takes to work in these occupations.

 

1. Physician Assistants

 

 

 

 

What they do:

Physician Assistants, or PAs, are on the front line of medical care, working directly with patients to examine them, diagnose them, and develop treatment plans. PAs can practice medicine in a variety of areas, usually having a specialty in primary care and family medicine, emergency medicine, surgery, or psychiatry. PAs are supervised by physicians—another fast-growing occupation which is still largely dominated by men, though the gap is beginning to close.

Since PAs work so closely with patients, interpersonal and communication skills are vital to the job. These skills are also essential to working as a team with physicians and other healthcare workers. Additionally, PAs need to have tremendous focus and great problem-solving skills to serve their patients’ needs correctly.

How to get there:

Becoming a PA requires completing a master’s Physician Assistant program. Requirements vary by specific program, but applicants typically have a bachelor’s degree as well as several years of professional experience with patient care.

 

2. Physical Therapists

 

 

 

 

What they do:

From sports injuries and surgeries to arthritis and neurological disorders, there are a multitude of circumstances that call for a physical therapist, or PT. Physical therapy is an allied health profession in which PTs develop and implement individualized plans for patients who need help with things like gaining mobility, rebuilding muscle, and decreasing pain.

This is a great profession for compassionate people who love working with and helping others. PTs spend a lot of time with each patient, so being able to connect and communicate effectively with clients is important.

How to get there:

As with all medical-related fields, proper education and licensing are required to become a physical therapist. PTs need a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree as well as a state license, part of which involves passing the National Physical Therapy Examination.

 

3. Market research analysts

 

 

 

 

What they do:

With so many products and services on the market today, it’s no surprise that there’s an increasing demand for professionals who can make sense of consumer needs. Market research analysts track marketing and sales trends by using statistical software, creating surveys and questionnaires, and compiling data into reports. Then they use the information they’ve gathered to help companies effectively market to consumers.

Market research analysts tend to be (you guessed it) analytical. They also have great communication skills, because in order to make good use of all the information they’ve gathered, they have to be able to present it to clients in a way that makes sense.

How to get there:

To become a market research analyst, a bachelor’s degree is generally required, either in market research or in something more general such as statistics, computer science, or business administration.

 

4. Accountants and auditors

 

 

 

 

What they do:

Accounting has a long history of being dominated by men; in 1960, only 12% of accountants were women. But in the years since, that statistic has changed dramatically: women now make up a majority of all accountants and auditors at 60%.

The main duties of accountants and auditors are to prepare and examine financial records for companies. This includes tracking financial statements, preparing taxes, and reporting on their findings. Many accountants and auditors specialize in a particular area. For example, there are public accountants who work for a variety of clients, management accountants who work for one specific company, and government accountants who work for government agencies. The duties of accountants and auditors are very similar, which is why they make up a single category here. The main difference is that auditors are generally brought in to review the work of an accountant to make sure a company’s finances are in order.

Because of the precision required in these occupations, accountants and auditors are detail-oriented and very organized. They must be able to use math, logic, and analysis to accurately maintain and assess the finances of an organization. Communication skills are also important so that, much like the market research analyst, they can present their analysis and recommendations to clients clearly and professionally.

How to get there:

Accountants and auditors need at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. In addition, depending on their specialization, many need to take an exam to become a Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Even if it’s not technically required for the position, becoming a CPA can make accountants and auditors seem more qualified to prospective clients and employers.

 

5. Medical scientists

 

 

 

 

What they do:

The cure for cancer starts with people in this occupation—as do a whole host of other medical studies and discoveries. Medical scientists conduct all kinds of important research, generally focusing on diseases and/or drugs. Their work involves lab experiments, clinical trials, and analyzing and publishing their research.

Unlike many health-related professions, medical scientists do not typically interact with the general public. This makes it a perfect fit for people who are interested in the medical field but prefer to work independently or in a small team, and who have a passion for scientific research. Important skills for medical scientists include written and oral communication skills to explain their studies, observation skills to maintain precision in their experiments, and analytical skills to interpret and use their data in a productive way.

How to get there:

Extensive schooling is necessary for this profession. There are many possible routes to get there, generally consisting of a bachelor’s degree in biology or chemistry followed by a medical-related Ph.D. program.

 

As you can see from these profiles, women are performing a variety of jobs that are in high demand, both those that are traditionally seen as female-dominated occupations and those that are not. With the progress that working women have made and continue to make, the roles of women in the workforce are ever diversifying.

 

Sources:

U.S. Department of Labor

Occupational Outlook Handbook

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